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تاريخ:پانزدهم آبان 1387 ساعت 15:17   |   کد : 219
articles
Game Theory Application in Everyday Behavior
 

Game Theory Application in Everyday Behavior;

Sociological Analysis of Petrol Waste in Tehran

Abstract: This article seeks to indicate game theory application in everyday behavior analysis. In this case, at the first, has been showed a brief description of game theory and kinds of game, especially prisonerYs dilemma game, chicken game, and social dilemma game. Then, it has been tried to implied a type of everyday behavior that can be analyzed with game theory.

This case is about research at interaction between driversY and gas station agents in the gas stations in Tehran, in order to show social causes of petrol waste in theses stations with the help of game theory. The driversY behavior in getting petrol has been searched in 3 kinds: bartering behavior, fair behavior and unfair behavior, and it has been proved petrol waste has tow reasons: involving driversY in social dilemma situations; and interaction of driversY and petrol station agents in combination of prisoners dilemma game and chicken game. And, petrol waste is a result of driversY carelessness involved in the first situations, or driversY revenge from petrol station agents and reducing losses of drivers in second situations.

Keywords: game theory, prisonerYs dilemma game, chicken game, social dilemma game, petrol waste.

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